History and theory of modern city-making: the spatial, social, and political constitution of planning

Reference bibliography prepared for Ph.D. Comprehensive Exam Field 1
Sarah Gelbard, October 2016

(see also Ph.D. Comprehensive Exam Field 2 Reference Bibliography)

Altshuler, Alan A. 1965. The city planning process; a political analysis. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

American Academy of Political and Social Science. 1914. Housing and town planning. Philadelphia: American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Anderson, Benedict. 1983. Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. New York: Verso Books. Reprint, 2006.

Arendt, Hannah. 1944. “The Jew as pariah: a hidden tradition.”  Jewish Social Studies 6:99-122.

Arnstein, Sherry R. 1969. “A ladder of citizen participation.”  Journal of the American Institute of planners 35 (4):216-224.

Beauregard, Robert A. 1990. “Bringing the city back in.”  Journal of the American Planning Association 56 (2):210-215.

Beauregard, Robert A. 1995. “Edge Critics.”  Journal of Planning Education and Research 14 (3):163-166. doi: 10.1177/0739456×9501400303.

Berman, Marshall. 1970. The politics of authenticity; radical individualism and the emergence of modern society. New York: Atheneum.

Bhabha, Homi K. 1994. The location of culture. New York: Routledge.

Boyer, M Christine. 1986. Dreaming the rational city: The myth of American city planning. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Brenner, Neil, and Nik Theodore. 2002. “Cities and the geographies of ‘actually existing neoliberalism’.”  Antipode 34 (3):349-379.

Burke, Peter. 2001. New perspectives on historical writing. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Penn State Press.

Carson, Rachel. 1962. Silent spring. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Castells, Manuel. 1983. The city and the grassroots: a cross-cultural theory of urban social movements. Berkeley: Univ of California Press.

Cherry, Gordon E. 1980. “Aspects of Twentieth-Century Planning.” In Shaping an Urban World, edited by Gordon E Cherry, 64-65. London: Mansell.

Choay, Françoise. 1970. The modern city; planning in the 19th century. New York: G. Braziller.

Crysler, Greig C. 2015. “The Paradoxes of Design Activism: Expertise, Scale and Exchange.”  Field Winter 2015 (2).

Davidoff, Paul. 1973. “Advocacy and pluralism in planning.” In A reader in planning theory, edited by Andreas Faludi, 277-296. New York: Pergamon Press. Original edition, Journal of the American Institute of Planners 31(4), 1965.

Davidoff, Paul, and Thomas A Reiner. 1962. “A choice theory of planning.”  Journal of the American Institute of Planners 28 (2):103-115.

de Certeau, Michel. 1984. The practice of everyday life. Translated by Steven Rendall. Berkeley: University of California Press. Reprint, 2011.

Dunham, Allison. 1958. “A Legal and Economic Basis for City Planning (Making Room for Robert Moses, William Zeckendorf, and a City Planner in the Same Community).”  Columbia Law Review 58 (5):650-671.

Engels, Friedrich. 1845. The condition of the working class in England. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin. Reprint, 1987.

Fainstein, Susan S. 2005. “Planning theory and the city.”  Journal of Planning Education and Research 25 (2):121-130.

Fainstein, Susan S, and Norman I Fainstein. 1971. “City planning and political values.”  Urban Affairs Review 6 (3):341-362.

Fischler, Raphael. 1998. “Toward a genealogy of planning: zoning and the Welfare State.”  Planning Perspectives 13 (4):389-410.

Fischler, Raphael. 2000. “Communicative planning theory: a Foucauldian assessment.”  Journal of Planning Education and Research 19 (4):358-368.

Fishman, Robert. 1977. Urban utopias in the twentieth century : Ebenezer Howard, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Corbusier. New York: Basic Books.

Fishman, Robert. 1980. “The anti-planners: the contemporary revolt against planning and its significance for planning history.” In Shaping an Urban World, edited by Gordon E Cherry, 242-252. London: Mansell.

Foglesong, Richard E. 1986. Planning the capitalist city : the colonial era to the 1920s. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Forester, John. 1989. Planning in the face of power. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Forester, John. 1999. The deliberative practitioner: Encouraging participatory planning processes: Mit Press.

Forester, John. 2006. “Making participation work when interests conflict: Moving from facilitating dialogue and moderating debate to mediating negotiations.”  Journal of the American Planning Association 72 (4):447-456.

Fraser, Nancy. 1990. “Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy.”  Social Text (25/26):56-80. doi: 10.2307/466240.

Friedmann, John. 1987. Planning in the public domain: From knowledge to action. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Gaddis, John Lewis. 2002. The landscape of history: How historians map the past. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gallion, Arthur B., and Simon Eisner. 1963. The urban pattern; city planning and design. Princeton: Van Nostrand.

Gans, Herbert J. 1968. People and plans; essays on urban problems and solutions. New York: Basic Books.

Giddens, Anthony. 1984. The constitution of society: Outline of the theory of structuration. Berkeley: Univ of California Press.

Giddens, Anthony. 1990. The consequences of modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Glass, Ruth. 1973. “The evaluation of planning: some sociological considerations.” In A Reader in Planning Theory, edited by Andreas Faludi, 45-67. New York: Pergamon Press. Original edition, International Social Science Journal 11(3), 1959.

Goffman, Erving. 1963. Behavior in public places; notes on the social organization of gatherings. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.

Habermas, Jürgen. 1962. The structural transformation of the public sphere : an inquiry into a category of bourgeois society. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Reprint, 1991.

Hall, Peter. 1988. Cities of tomorrow : an intellectual history of urban planning and design in the twentieth century. New York: Blackwell.

Hancock, John L. 1967. “Planners in The Changing American City, 1900-1940.”  Journal of the American Institute of Planners 33 (5):290-304. doi: 10.1080/01944366708977936.

Harvey, David. 1973. Social justice and the city. Vol. 1, Geographies of justice and social transformation. Athens: University of Georgia Press. Reprint, 2009.

Harvey, David. 1985. “On Planning the Ideology of Planning (1978).” In The urbanization of capital: studies in the history and theory of capitalist urbanization, 163-184. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Harvey, David. 1989. “From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in late capitalism.”  Geografiska Annaler. Series B. Human Geography 71 (1):3-17.

Healey, Patsy. 1992. “Planning through debate: the communicative turn in planning theory.”  Town planning review 63 (2):143-162.

Hebdige, Dick. 1979. Subculture, the meaning of style. London: Methuen.

Howard, Ebenezer. 1898. Garden cities of to-morrow. Cambridge: MIT Press. Reprint, 1965.

Huxley, Margo, and Oren Yiftachel. 2000. “New paradigm or old myopia? Unsettling the communicative turn in planning theory.”  Journal of planning education and research 19 (4):333-342.

Jacobs, Allan B. 1984. “Looking at cities.”  Places 1 (4):28-37.

Jacobs, Jane. 1961. The death and life of great American cities. New York: Vintage Books. Reprint, 1992.

Knox, Paul L. 1987. “The social production of the built environment architects, architecture and the post-modern city.”  Progress in human geography 11 (3):354-377.

Le Corbusier. 1925. The city of to-morrow and its planning. New York: Dover. Reprint, 1987.

Lefebvre, Henri. 1974. The production of space. Translated by Donald Nicholson-Smith. Oxford: Blackwell. Reprint, 1991.

Lefebvre, Henri. 1996. “The Right to the City.” In Writings on cities, 147-159. Oxford: Blackwell.

Lynch, Kevin. 1960. The image of the city. Cambridge: MIT press.

Lynch, Kevin. 1981. Good city form. Cambridge: MIT press.

Marcuse, Peter. 1976. “Professional ethics and beyond: values in planning.”  Journal of the American Institute of Planners 42 (3):264-274.

Marcuse, Peter. 1980. “Housing policy and city planning: The puzzling split in the United States, 1893-1931.” In Shaping an urban world, edited by Gordon E Cherry, 23-58. London: Mansell.

Marcuse, Peter. 1989. “Who/what decides what planners do?”  Journal of the American Planning Association 55 (1):79-81.

Marsh, Benjamin Clarke. 1909. An Introduction to city planning : democracy’s challenge to the American city. New York: B.C. Marsh.

McCall, Michael K., and Christine E. Dunn. 2012. “Geo-information tools for participatory spatial planning: Fulfilling the criteria for good governance?”  Geoforum 43 (1):81.

McQuarrie, Michael. 2013. “No contest: participatory technologies and the transformation of urban authority.”  Public Culture 25 (1):143.

Mumford, Lewis. 1938. The culture of cities. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. Reprint, 1970.

Norberg-Schulz, Christian. 1996. “The phenomenon of place.” In Theorizing a new agenda for architecture, edited by Kate Nesbitt, 412-427. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Original edition, 1976.

Peattie, Lisa R. 1968. “Reflections on advocacy planning.”  Journal of the American Institute of Planners 34 (2):80-88.

Rein, Martin. 1969. “Social planning: The search for legitimacy.”  Journal of the American Institute of Planners 35 (4):233-244.

Rittel, Horst WJ, and Melvin M Webber. 1973. “Dilemmas in a general theory of planning.”  Policy sciences 4 (2):155-169.

Sandercock, Leonie. 1998. Making the invisible visible: A multicultural planning history. Vol. 2, California studies in critical human geography. Berkeley: Univ of California Press.

Sandercock, Leonie, and Peter Lysiottis. 1998. Towards cosmopolis: Planning for multicultural cities. New York: Wiley.

Sassen, Saskia. 2001. The global city: New york, london, tokyo. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Scott, Mel. 1969. American city planning since 1890; a history commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the American Institute of Planners. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Sennett, Richard. 1970. The uses of disorder: personal identity & city life. New York: Knopf.

Sennett, Richard. 2000. “Reflections on the Public Realm.” In A Companion to the City, edited by Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson, 380-387. Oxford: Blackwell.

Sitte, C. 1889. City planning according to artistic principles. Translated by George R Collins and Christine Crasemann Collins. New York: Random House. Reprint, 1965.

Sutcliffe, Anthony. 1981. Towards the planned city : Germany, Britain, the United States, and France, 1780-1914. Oxford: Blackwell.

Webber, Melvin M. 1963. “Comprehensive planning and social responsibility: toward an AIP consensus on the profession’s roles and purposes.”  Journal of the American Institute of Planners 29 (4):232-241.

Webber, Melvin M. 1978. “A Difference Paradigm for Planning.” In Planning Theory in the 1980’s, edited by Robert W Burchell and George Sternlieb, 151-162. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University.

Weber, Max. 1921. The city. Translated by Don Martindale and Gertrud Neuwirth. New York: The Free Press. Reprint, 1958.

Weiss, Marc A. 1980. “The origins and legacy of urban renewal.” In Urban and regional planning in an age of austerity, edited by Pierre Clavel, John Forester and William W. Goldsmith, 53-80. New York: Pergamon Press.

Whyte, William H. 1988. City: Rediscovering the center. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Reprint, 2012.

Wortham-Galvin, Brooke D. 2013. “An Anthropology of Urbanism: How People Make Places (and What Designers and Planners Might Learn from It).”  FOOTPRINT 7 (13):21-40.

Yiftachel, Oren. 1998. “Planning and social control: Exploring the dark side.”  Journal of Planning Literature 12 (4):395-406.

Young, Iris Marion. 1989. “Polity and group difference: a critique of the ideal of universal citizenship.”  Ethics 99 (2):250-274.

Young, Iris Marion. 1990. Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

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Gendered Analyses of the City and Feminist Theory in Planning

Reference bibliography prepared for Ph.D. Comprehensive Exam Field 2
Sarah Gelbard, October 2016

(see also Ph.D. Comprehensive Exam Field 1 Reference Bibliography)

Adams, Annmarie, and Peta Tancred. 2000. Designing women: Gender and the architectural profession. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Ahrentzen, Sherry. 2003. “The space between the studs: Feminism and architecture.”  Signs 29 (1):179-206.

Arnstein, Sherry R. 1969. “A ladder of citizen participation.”  Journal of the American Institute of planners 35 (4):216-224.

Benschop, Yvonne, and Mieke Verloo. 2006. “Sisyphus’ Sisters: Can Gender Mainstreaming Escape the Genderedness of Organizations?”  Journal of Gender Studies 15 (1):19-33.

Bondi, Liz, and Hazel Christie. 2000. “Working out the urban: gender relations and the city.” In A Companion to the City, edited by Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson, 292-306. Oxford: Blackwell.

Brown, Wendy. 1992. “Finding the Man in the State.”  Feminist Studies 18 (1):7-34.

Bunch, Charlotte. 1987. Passionate politics: Feminist theory in action. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Colomina, Beatriz. 1996. “Battle Lines: E.1027.” In The sex of architecture, edited by Diana Agrest, Patricia Conway and Leslie Kanes Weisman, 167-182. New York: Harry N. Abrams.

Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1989. “Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics.”  University of Chicago Legal Forum 1989 (1):139-167.

Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1991. “Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color.”  Stanford law review 43 (6):1241-1299.

Delphy, Christine, and Diana Leonard. 1984. Close to home : a materialist analysis of women’s oppression. London: Hutchinson.

Di Stefano, Christine. 1988. “Dilemmas of Difference.”  Women & Politics 8 (3-4):1-24. doi: 10.1300/J014v08n03_01.

Dietz, Mary G. 1985. “Citizenship with a feminist face: the problem with maternal thinking.”  Political Theory 13 (1):19-37.

Dubrow, Gail, and Mary Corbin Sies. 2002. “Letting our guard down: Race, class, gender, and sexuality in planning history.”  Journal of Planning History 1 (3):203-214.

Dubrow, Gail Lee, and Jennifer B. Goodman. 2003. Restoring women’s history through historic preservation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Fainstein, Susan S. , and Lisa J. Servon. 2005. Gender and planning : a reader. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

Fenster, Tovi. 2005. “The Right to the Gendered City: Different Formations of Belonging in Everyday Life.”  Journal of Gender Studies 14 (3):217-231. doi: 10.1080/09589230500264109.

Forester, John. 1989. Planning in the face of power. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Forsyth, Ann. 2011. “Queering Planning Practice: Understanding Non-Conformist Populations.” In Queerying planning: challenging heteronormative assumptions and reframing planning practice, edited by L. Doan Petra, 21-51. Burlington, Vt: Ashgate.

Fraser, Nancy. 1990. “Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy.”  Social Text (25/26):56-80. doi: 10.2307/466240.

Friedman, Marilyn. 1987. “Beyond caring: The de-moralization of gender.”  Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13:87-110.

Frye, Marilyn. 1989. “The possibility of feminist theory.” In Women, Knowledge, and Reality: Explorations in Feminist Philosophy, edited by Ann Garry and Marilyn Pearsall, 34-47. Boston: Unwin Hyman.

Gilligan, Carol. 1995. “Moral orientation and moral development.” In Justice and Care: Essential Readings in Feminist Ethics, edited by Virginia Held. Boulder: Westview Press.

Gilroy, Rose, and Chris Booth. 1999. “Building an infrastructure for everyday lives.”  European Planning Studies 7 (3):307-324.

Glass, Ruth. 1973. “The evaluation of planning: some sociological considerations.” In A Reader in Planning Theory, edited by Andreas Faludi, 45-67. New York: Pergamon Press. Original edition, International Social Science Journal 11(3), 1959.

Hammond, Cynthia. 2012. “I weep for us women: Suburbia, modernism, and feminism in the 1953 Canadian home journal housing competition.” In Rethinking Professionalism: Women and Art in Canada, 1850-1970, edited by Kristina Huneault and Janice Anderson, 194-224. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Haraway, Donna. 1988. “Situated knowledges: The science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective.”  Feminist studies 14 (3):575-599.

Harding, Sandra G. 1986. The science question in feminism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Haslanger, Sally. 1995. “Ontology and social construction.”  Philosophical Topics 23 (2):95-125.

Hayden, Dolores. 1980. “What would a non-sexist city be like? Speculations on housing, urban design, and human work.”  Signs 5 (3):S170-S187.

Hayden, Dolores, and Gwendolyn Wright. 1976. “Architecture and urban planning.”  Signs 1 (4):923-933.

Healey, Patsy. 1992. “Planning through debate: the communicative turn in planning theory.”  Town planning review 63 (2):143-162.

Healey, Patsy. 1997. Collaborative planning: Shaping places in fragmented societies. Vancouver: Gibson Library Connections. Reprint, 2000.

Hebdige, Dick. 1979. Subculture, the meaning of style. London: Methuen.

Held, Virginia. 1990. “Feminist transformations of moral theory.”  Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (Supplement):321-344.

hooks, bell. 2000. Feminist theory: From margin to center. 2nd ed. London: Pluto Press.

Jupp, Eleanor. 2014. “Women, Communities, Neighbourhoods: Approaching Gender and Feminism within UK Urban Policy.”  Antipode 46 (5):1304-1322.

Kern, Leslie. 2013. “All aboard? Women working the spaces of gentrification in Toronto’s Junction.”  Gender, Place & Culture 20 (4):510-527. doi: 10.1080/0966369X.2012.701201.

Larsson, Anita. 2006. “From equal opportunities to gender awareness in strategic spatial planning: Reflections based on Swedish experiences.”  Town Planning Review 77 (5):507-530.

Leavitt, Jacqueline. 1980. “The History, Status, and Concerns of Woman Planners.”  Signs 5 (3):S226-S230.

Leavitt, Jacqueline. 1986. “Feminist advocacy planning in the 1980s.” In Strategic Perspectives on Planning Practice, edited by Barry Checkoway, 183-194. Lexington: Lexington Books.

Longino, Helen E. 1993. “Subjects, power, and knowledge: Description and prescription in feminist philosophies of science.” In Feminist Epistemologies, edited by Linda Alcoff and Elizabeth Potter, 101-120. New York: Routledge.

MacKinnon, Catharine. 1989. “Consciousness Raising.” In Toward a feminist theory of the state, 83-105. Cambridge: Harvard UP.

MacKinnon, Catharine A. 1982. “Feminism, Marxism, method, and the state: An agenda for theory.”  Signs 7 (3):515-544.

Marcuse, Peter. 1976. “Professional ethics and beyond: values in planning.”  Journal of the American Institute of Planners 42 (3):264-274.

Markusen, Ann R. 1980. “City spatial structure, women’s household work, and national urban policy.”  Signs 5 (3):S23-S44.

McDowell, Linda. 1983. “Towards an understanding of the gender division of urban space.”  Environment and planning D: Society and Space 1 (1):59-72.

McDowell, Linda. 1992. “Doing Gender: Feminism, Feminists and Research Methods in Human Geography.”  Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 17 (4):399-416. doi: 10.2307/622707.

McDowell, Linda. 1993. “Space, place and gender relations: Part I. Feminist empiricism and the geography of social relations.”  Progress in Human Geography 17 (2):157-179.

McDowell, Linda. 2009. “Working bodies : interactive service employment and workplace identities.”

Michelson, William M. 1973. The place of time in the longitudinal evaluation of spatial structures by women. Toronto: Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto.

Nochlin, Linda. 1988. “Why have there been no great women artists? (1971).” In Women, Art, and Power, 145-178. New York: Harper and Row.

Oakley, Ann, and Robin Oakley. 1979. “Sexism in official statistics.” In Demystifying Social Statistics, edited by John Irvine, Ian Miles and Jeff Evans, 172-89. London: Pluto.

Pateman, Carole, and Elizabeth Gross. 1986. Feminist challenges : social and political theory. Boston: Allen & Unwin.

Penner, Barbara. 2005. “Researching female public toilets: Gendered spaces, disciplinary limits.”  Journal of International Women’s Studies 6 (2):81-98.

Rahder, Barbara, and Carol Altilia. 2004. “Where is feminism in planning going? Appropriation or transformation?”  Planning Theory 3 (2):107-116.

Rittel, Horst WJ, and Melvin M Webber. 1973. “Dilemmas in a general theory of planning.”  Policy sciences 4 (2):155-169.

Rose, Gillian. 1993. Feminism and geography : the limits of geographical knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Rose, Gillian. 1997. “Situating knowledges: positionality, reflexivities and other tactics.”  Progress in human geography 21 (3):305-320.

Rose, Gillian, and Miles Ogborn. 1988. “Feminism and historical geography.”  Journal of Historical Geography 14 (4):405-409.

Saegert, Susan. 1980. “Masculine Cities and Feminine Suburbs: Polarized Ideas, Contradictory Realities.”  Signs 5 (3):S96-S111.

Sandercock, Leonie. 1995. “Voices from the Borderlands: A Meditation on a Metaphor.”  Journal of Planning Education and Research 14 (2):77-88.

Sandercock, Leonie. 1998. Making the invisible visible: A multicultural planning history. Vol. 2, California studies in critical human geography. Berkeley: Univ of California Press.

Sandercock, Leonie. 2003. “Out of the Closet: The Importance of Stories and Storytelling in Planning Practice.”  Planning Theory & Practice 4 (1):11-28. doi: 10.1080/1464935032000057209.

Sandercock, Leonie, and Ann Forsyth. 1992. “A gender agenda: new directions for planning theory.”  Journal of the American Planning Association 58 (1):49-59.

Scott, Joan W. 1991. “The Evidence of Experience.”  Critical Inquiry 17 (4):773-797.

Sennett, Richard. 1970. The uses of disorder: personal identity & city life. New York: Knopf.

Sennett, Richard. 2000. “Reflections on the Public Realm.” In A Companion to the City, edited by Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson, 380-387. Oxford: Blackwell.

Spain, Daphne. 1992. “A gentrification research agenda for the 1990s.”  Journal of Urban Affairs 14 (2):125.

Spain, Daphne. 2001. How women saved the city. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Spain, Daphne. 2014. “Gender and Urban Space.”  Annual Review of Sociology 40:581-598.

Staeheli, Lynn A. 2004. “Mobilizing women, mobilizing gender: is it mobilizing difference?”  Gender, Place & Culture 11 (3):347-372.

Staeheli, Lynn A., Eleonore Kofman, and Linda Peake. 2004. Mapping women, making politics feminist perspectives on political geography. New York: Routledge.

Walker, Lynne. 2000. “Women and Architecture.” In Gender space architecture: An interdisciplinary introduction, edited by Jane Rendell, Barbara Penner and Iain Borden, 244-257. New York: Routledge.

Walker, Lynne. 2002. “Home making: an architectural perspective.”  Signs 27 (3):823-835.

Weeks, Kathi. 1996. “Subject for a feminist standpoint.” In Marxism beyond marxism, edited by Saree Makdisi, Cesare Casarino and Rebecca E. Karl, 89-118. New York: Routledge.

Wekerle, Gerda R. 1980. “Women in the urban environment.”  Signs 5 (3):S188-S214.

Wekerle, Gerda R. 1984. “A woman’s place is in the city.”  Antipode 16 (3):11-19.

Wekerle, Gerda R. 2004. “Framing feminist claims for urban citizenship.” In Mapping women, making politics. Feminist perspectives on political geography, edited by Lynn Staeheli, Eleonore Kofman and Linda Peake, 245-259. New York: Routledge.

Wekerle, Gerda R. 2013. “Women’s rights to the city: gendered spaces of a pluralistic citizenship.” In Democracy, citizenship and the global city, edited by Engin F Isin. New York: Routledge.

Whitzman, Carolyn. 2007. “Stuck at the front door: gender, fear of crime and the challenge of creating safer space.”  Environment and Planning A 39 (11):2715-2732.

Wilson, Elizabeth. 1992. The sphinx in the city: Urban life, the control of disorder, and women: Univ of California Press.

Women and Geography Study Group of the I. B. G. Explorations in Feminism. 1984. Geography and gender : an introduction to feminist geography. London; Dover, N.H., USA: Hutchinson, in association with the Explorations in Feminism Collective.

Young, Iris Marion. 1989. “Polity and group difference: a critique of the ideal of universal citizenship.”  Ethics 99 (2):250-274.

Young, Iris Marion. 1994. “Gender as seriality: Thinking about women as a social collective.”  Signs 19 (3):713-738.